Forex trading strategier

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Price action trading

Price action trading involverer undersøgelse af historiske priser for at formulere tekniske handelsstrategier. Price action trading kan bruges som en selvstændig teknik eller i forbindelse med en indikator. Grundlæggende anvendes den sjældent alene; Det er dog ikke uhørt at inkorporere økonomiske begivenheder som en begrundende faktor. Denne strategi kan dog benyttes sammen med nogle af de kommende strategier.

Handel med price action trading kan bruges over forskellige tidsperioder (lang, mellemlang- og kort sigt). Evnen til at bruge flere tidsrammer til analyse gør handel med priser handlet værdsat af mange forhandlere.

Inden for price action trading er der: range, trends, day, scalping og swing. Disse strategier indeholder en række forskellige strategier, hvor i, price action trading kan benyttes. De pågældende strategier vil blive beskrevet nedenfor. De kommende eksempler viser forskellige teknikker til at handel med forex samt, hvor denne første strategi kan inkorporeres, hvilket påviser, hvor differentieret handel af valuta kan være, samt den række skræddersyede muligheder, der at vælge imellem.

Range trading strategi

Range trading strategi inkluderer identificering af support- og modstandspunkter, hvorved handlende vil placere handler omkring disse nøgleniveauer. Denne strategi fungerer godt på markedet uden betydelig volatilitet og ingen tydelig tendens. Teknisk analyse er det primære værktøj, der bruges med denne strategi.

Der er ingen som sådan fortrukket længde pr. handel ved denne strategi, da range trading strategi kan fungere for enhver tidsramme. Styring af risiko er en integreret del af denne metode, da der kan opstå breakouts. Derfor vil en range trading strateg gerne lukke alle aktuelle afgrænsede positioner.

Så kaldte oscillatorer bruges ofte som timingværktøjer. Relative Strength Index (RSI), Commodity Channel Index (CCI) og stokastisk er et par af de mere populære oscillatorer. Price action trading bruges undertiden i forbindelse med oscillatorer til yderligere validering af afgrænsede signaler eller breakouts.

Range trading strategi kan resultere i frugtbare forhold mellem risiko og afkast. Dette kommer dog sammen med langvarig investering pr. handel. Vi har opsat en række fordele og ulemper nedenfor så du kan overveje om denne strategi vil passe din investeringsprofil.

Fordele:

  • Betydeligt antal handelsmuligheder
  • Gunstigt forhold mellem risiko og belønning

Ulemper:

  • Kræver lange investeringsperioder
  • Kan være afhængig af en stærk forståelse af den tekniske analyse

Trend trading strategi

Trend trading er en simpel forex strategi, der bruges af mange tradere fra alle erfaringsniveauer. Trend trading forsøger at give et positivt afkast ved at udnytte et markedets retningsmoment.

Trendhandel finder normalt sted på mellemlang til lang sigt, mens tendenser i sig selv svinger i længde. Ligesom med price action kan flere tidsrammer analyseres ved hjælp af trend trading.

Indgangspunkter er normalt udpeget af en oscillator (RSI, CCI osv.), Og udgangspunkter beregnes ud fra et positivt risiko-belønningsforhold. Brug af stop niveau kan forhandlere enten være lig med denne afstand eller overskride den for at opretholde et positivt risiko/afkast niveau.

Afslutningsvis er identifikation af en stærk tendens vigtig for et fornuftigt afkast ved trend trading.

Trend trading kan være tidskrævende med mange variabler at overveje. Vi har opsat en række fordele og ulemper nedenfor så du kan overveje om denne strategi vil passe din investeringsprofil.

Fordele:

  • Betydeligt antal handelsmuligheder
  • Gunstigt forhold mellem risiko og belønning

Ulemper:

  • Kræver lange investeringsperioder
  • Kan være afhængig af en stærk forståelse af den tekniske analyse

Day trading

Day trading er en strategi designet til at handle med finansielle instrumenter inden for samme handelsdag. Det vil sige, alle positioner er lukket, før markedet lukkes. Dette kan være en enkelt handel eller flere handler hele dagen.

Handelstider varierer fra meget kort sigt (få minutter) eller kort sigt (nogle timer), så længe handlen åbnes og lukkes inden for handelsdagen.

Tradere, som benytter sig af day trading strategien forsøger at købe positioner, når prisen bryder gennem retning af trenden og afsluttes kort efter, der er opnået et fint afkast ift. risiko/afkast.

Day tradere holder benytter sig ofte ved hjælp af glidende gennemsnit for at identificere den tendens, der er gældende dan pågældende dag.

Fordele og ulemper, der er nævnt nedenfor, skal overvejes, før man følger denne strategi. Dagshandel involverer meget tid og kræfter for lidt belønning, set ud fra brugt tid ift. andre strategier.

Fordele:

  • Betydeligt antal handelsmuligheder
  • Medium-forholdet mellem risiko og belønning

Ulemper:

  • Kræver lange investeringsperioder
  • Meget afhængig af en stærk forståelse af den tekniske analyse samt identifisering af trends

Forex scalpings strategi

Scalping i forex er et almindeligt udtryk, der bruges til at beskrive strategien, hvor tradere forsøger at tage små overskud på hyppigt grundlag. Dette opnås ved at åbne og lukke flere positioner i løbet af dagen. Dette kan gøres manuelt eller via en algoritme, der bruger foruddefinerede retningslinjer for, hvornår / hvor man skal indtaste og afslutte positioner. De mest flydende forex par foretrækkes, da spænd generelt er strammere, hvilket gør strategiens passende kortvarige karakter.

Scalping indebærer kortvarige handler med minimal afkast, og fungerer normalt på mindre tidsramme diagrammer (1 min – 30 min).

Ligesom de fleste tekniske strategier er identifikation af tendensen trin 1. Mange scalpers bruger indikatorer som det glidende gennemsnit for at verificere tendensen. Brug af disse nøgleniveauer af trenden på længere tidsrammer giver traderen mulighed for at se det større billede. Disse niveauer skaber støtte- og modstandsbånd. Scalping inden for dette bånd kan derefter forsøges på mindre tidsrammer ved hjælp af oscillatorer som RSI. Stopper placeres et par pips væk for at undgå store bevægelser mod handelen.

Handlere bruger den samme teori til at opsætte deres algoritmer dog uden den manuelle udførelse fra traderen.

Vi har opsat en række fordele og ulemper nedenfor så du kan overveje om denne strategi vil passe din investeringsprofil.

Fordele:

  • Største antal handelsmuligheder fra alle forex strategier

Ulemper:

  • Kræver lange investeringsperioder
  • Meget afhængig af en stærk forståelse af den tekniske analyse samt identifisering af trends
  • Laveste risiko/afkast

Swing trading

Swing trading er en spekulativ strategi, hvorved handlende ser ud til at drage fordel af trendmarkeder og den daglige volatilitet. Ved at vælge ‘toppe’ og ‘bund’ kan forhandlere indtaste lange og korte positioner i overensstemmelse hermed.

Swing trading betragtes som mellemlang sigtet strategi, da positioner generelt holdes hvor som helst mellem et par timer og et par dage. Trends på længere sigt foretrækkes, da tradere kan kapitalisere på tendensen på flere punkter langs trenden.

Ligesom den range trading strategien, kan oscillatorer og indikatorer bruges til at vælge optimale indgangs- og udgangspositioner  samt tider. Den eneste forskel er, at swing-handel gælder både for tendenser og markedets volatilitet.

En kombination af den stokastiske oscillator, ATR-indikatoren og det glidende gennemsnit illustrere en typisk swing-handelsstrategi. I tilfælde af en trend, vil tradere se ud til at gå ind i lange positioner med det gamle ordsprog om ‘køb lavt, sælg højt’.

Stokastiske bruges derefter til at identificere indgangspunkter ved at lede efter oversolgte signaler fremhævet af skolastikken. Risikostyring er det sidste trin, hvor ATR giver en indikation af stopniveauer. Dette tal repræsenterer det omtrentlige antal pips væk stoppestanden skal indstilles.

Efter at have set et eksempel på swing trading, kan du overveje denne liste med fordele og ulemper for at se, om denne strategi passer til din investeringsprofil.

Fordele:

  • Betydeligt antal handelsmuligheder
  • Median-forholdet mellem risiko og belønning

Ulemper:

  • Kan være afhængig af en stærk forståelse af den tekniske analyse
  • Kræver stadig omfattende tidsinvesteringer

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