Hvad er en aktie

Indholdet af InvestorsOrbit er udarbejdet med det formål at give en generel introduktion til finansielle produkter. InvestorsOrbit kan ikke erstatte finansiel rådgivning og kan hverken anses for at være et tilbud om at yde finansiel rådgivning eller et tilbud om nogen anden rådgivning eller service. Investorer opfordres til at kontakte egen investeringsrådgiver for individuel information om eventuel investering, skatteforhold med videre.

En aktie er en sikkerhed, der repræsenterer ejerskabet til en del af et selskab. Dette giver rettighedshaveren ret til en andel af selskabets aktiver og overskud svarende til hvor meget lager de ejer.

Aktier købes og sælges overvejende på børser, der kan dog også være privat salg, og er fundamentet i mange individuelle investorers porteføljer. Disse transaktioner skal være i overensstemmelse med regeringsbestemmelser, der er beregnet til at beskytte investorer mod svigagtig praksis. Historisk set har de overgået de fleste andre investeringer på lang sigt. Disse investeringer kan købes hos de fleste online aktiemæglere.

Forståelse af aktier

Virksomheder udsteder (sælger) aktier for at skaffe midler til at drive deres forretning. Aktiehaveren (en aktionær) har nu købt et stykke af selskabet, og afhængigt af den type aktier, der er indeholdt, kan der være krav på en del af dets aktiver og indtjening. Med andre ord er en aktionær nu ejer af det udstedende selskab. Ejerskab bestemmes af antallet af aktier, en person ejer i forhold til antallet af udestående aktier. For eksempel, hvis et selskab har 1.000 aktier i udestående aktier, og en person ejer 100 aktier, ville denne person eje og kræve 10% af virksomhedens aktiver og indtjening.

Aktiehavere ejer ikke selskaber; de ejer aktier udstedt af selskaber. Men virksomheder er en særlig type organisation, fordi loven behandler dem som juridiske personer. Med andre ord, selskaber arkiverer skatter, kan låne, kan eje ejendom, kan sagsøges osv. Ideen om, at et selskab er en “person” betyder, at selskabet ejer sine egne aktiver. Et virksomheds kontor fuld af stole og borde hører til selskabet og ikke til aktionærerne.

Denne sondring er vigtig, fordi virksomhedsejendom lovligt er adskilt fra andelshavernes ejendom, hvilket begrænser ansvaret for både selskabet og aktionæren. Hvis selskabet går konkurs, kan en dommer pålægge alle dets solgte aktiver – men dine personlige aktiver er ikke i fare. Retten kan ikke engang tvinge dig til at sælge dine aktier, selvom værdien af ​​dine aktier er faldet drastisk. Ligeledes, hvis en større aktionær går konkurs, kan hun ikke sælge virksomhedens aktiver for at betale sine kreditorer.

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